Manage Risk by Planning to Apply Mission to Action

ZLI Wildlife-friendly Design

ZLI Wildlife-friendly Design services offer data-driven risk management oriented design consultations, in accord with our mission to support the sciences through the arts for wildlife conservation and animal welfare. We offer three areas of Masterplanning: 1. Natural Light/ALN Mitigation Master Planning, 2. Bird-friendly Master Planning and 3. Wildlife Provisioning Master Planning. Additionally, ZLI’s Wildlife Friendly Development services include three kinds of facility design: 1. Theatrical & Program Design, 2. Animal Health/Welfare Exhibit Design, and 3. Day-Night Light Facility Design.

Master Planning (Natural Light/ANL, Bird-friendly & Provisioning)

General Guidelines & The Benefits of Master Planning:

ZLI Sustainable Design offers data-driven risk management services in accord with our mission to support the sciences through the arts for wildlife conservation and animal welfare. It provides actionable elements to go along with intellectual and theoretical capital produced by the other ZLI Departments. ZLI Sustainable Design offers wildlife sensitive planning and facility design, especially related to light and lighting challenges. Master Planning is a crucial element for any undertaking. This is especially true in the field of photobiology, photo-ecology and the human perception of light, which is always relational. Master Planning has succinctly been summarized by the World Bank  https://urban-regeneration.worldbank.org/node/51 ):
“A master plan is a dynamic long-term planning document that provides a conceptual layout to guide future growth and development. Master planning is about making the connection between buildings, social settings, and their surrounding environments…” 

Components:

ZLI Sustainable Design aspires that our service of Master Planning, for Natural Light/ANL, Bird-friendly and Biodiversity Provisioning Master Plans, consist of these roles:

  1. Assess environmental, ecological and biological site resources and limitations.
  2. Identify and address facility/audience/occupant ‘interest’, desires and behaviors. 
  3. Define occupancy qualities and schedules, as well as public amenities and value.
  4. Determine the mix of uses, their physical relationship and implications.
  5. Conceptualize and shape the proposed environment.
  6. Act as a framework for regeneration and attract private sector investment.
  7. Engage local communities and act as consensus builder.
  8. Develop a phasing and implementation schedule to identify priorities for action.

Commitment:

Master Planning is necessary, but it not something to enter into lightly. Too often for example, institutions painstakingly and expensively adopt an architectural master plan, only to subsequently ignore or abandon it. Often times, plans are indeed impractical and represent a ‘vision’ rather than a set of strategies under guiding principles. Too often, finance nor operations are included in the planning of such documents, with the pretense that the funding will come some unspecified time in the future through, as of yet, unknown sources. Lack of planning and lack of fidelity to mission are a mistake and breach of faith. 

Master Planning requires commitment, from both in-house and external consultants. An initial Master Plan might take one or two years to complete properly, during which time dialogue ought to be on-going to account for current work. Commitment is required to produce a Plan but also to carry it out. A dedicated internal person or team should be established to coordinate the process, and external consultants should be kept on in a ‘Commissioning’ Phase to help retain institutional memory and intent. This Commissioning might be no more than a meeting or two a year, but it is important to do so for an extended and agreed to period. In this way, a Master Plan remains a living and relevant document and its purposes achieved.The terms of planning also need to be such that the proposed solutions improve the institution’s business model according to its agreed mission (for a zoo or aquarium, this ought always to be recreation provision (community bonding) in support of research, animal welfare and wildlife conservation, though emphasis  might be greater on one element or another). Good finance breeds continuity, and continuity breeds success. 

Master Plans are also inter-related, and inter-relationships help to make undertakings more effective. With that in mind, there are three fundamental types of Master Plans the ZLI Sustainability Department undertakes.

Kinds:

Natural DayLighting / ALN Mitigation Master Plans

As a charitable organization dedicated to the sciences of light and life, ZLI conceptualizes light a bit differently from other architectural lighting approaches. Although it is more common to think of night as ‘dark’ and day as ‘light’, reading light scientifically entails changing the common way of thinking. Natural light serves as a baseline, whether starlight or high noon. Artificial light supplements natural light, altering this baseline rather than serving as a norm itself. This is a big step, but once it is taken, the purchase, use and maintenance of artificial lighting can be undertaken with much greater care and with more powerful and productive results. 

Placing natural light first brings added benefits too. It fosters more impactful aesthetic experiences, sequentially coordinating vision holistically with environmental conditions. It reduces unintended impacts on ecological resources, thereby lowering risks and increasing value. 

A natural light first approach also takes into account the timing of activities, thus improving efficiencies and finding underutilized opportunities. Health impacts of artificial light can be more carefully managed and, theatrical effects more strictly controlled to produce a better show.

Bird-friendly Design Master Plans

Glass exposed to the environment is a terrible threat to birds. Over one in ten adult breeding birds are thought to die annually in collisions. This number adds up quickly; well over a billion birds die annually in the United States alone. When combined with habitat degradation and loss due to light pollution, glass collisions are catastrophic for birds.

Many cities across the globe have enacted bird friendly regulations to support fixing this problem, but fail to see the positives that the alternatives to naked, exposed glass offer. Because of this mitigation tends to be reactionary, staid and piecemeal rather than proactive, creative or holistic. A Bird-friendly Design Master Plan of the latter kind becomes a valid asset for those that pursue it. 

Alternatives to bird-killing glass fall into three categories: markings, screenings/lattice (layered facades) and replacement, translucent materials. These alternatives offer an opportunity for greater and more interesting architectural expression, for facility marketing/identification, public education/outreach and mission oriented content. 

A comprehensive bird-friendly design master plan seeks not only to remedy a problem (collisions), but also seeks to advance new funding streams such as ecotourism, corporate sponsorship, heritage marketing as well as by encouraging entertainment and educational programming. 

Wildlife Provisioning Master Plans

Humankind and wildlife are always inseparably linked to each other. This is an enormous benefit to a zoo and its community/administration, because it serves to closely connect people to the institution despite the seeming exotic nature of the animals. A Wildlife Provisioning Masterplan examines the ways in which wild, local and migratory species interact with the zoo grounds, and ways in which this interaction might be improved or put to good use.

Elements of a Wildlife Provisioning Master Plan include attention to habitat connectivity, food or water resources, nesting and breeding grounds. But it also includes an assessment of the potential outreach to local and foreign visitors. A Wildlife Provisioning Master Plan thus connects into an overall Master Plan, both Organizational and Architectural. As with the Natural Light/ALN Master Plan, the Wildlife Provisioning Master Plan explores its topics over time, in seasonal, monthly, daily and hourly increments. This recognizes not only natural patterns, but also important public calendars and holidays for targeted outreach.

Facility Design Review for Wildlife Conservation and Welfare:

ZLI Sustainable Design offers three arenas of facility design:
theatrical lighting, animal health and welfare, welfare and natural light (inc. daylighting and ALN (artificial light at night) mitigation). 

ZLI Wildlife Sensitive Facility Design enacts ZLI’s Mission, by providing real-world examples of the value of science. We encourage ongoing studies in photobiology, fostering greater understanding of the relationships of light and life. This in turn enhances the quality, productivity and viability of community life .

ZLI Wildlife Sensitive Facility Design emphasizes a diversity, engagement and inclusion ethic, drawing upon traditional design elements as well as modern. This is true for the way we build our project teams, the way we develop our portfolio and the way in which we view the value of design to celebrate science productively. Our projects strive to be joyous and playful, but we also take on very serious challenges of biodiversity-loss, animal welfare and what these mean for diverse communities around the globe. We face head-on the primary institutional challenge of sharing pressing concerns, because it is in the ultimate benefit of communities that we do so. 

ZLI Sustainable Design emphasizes lighting control, whether passive or technological, as a fundamental priority in pursuit of data-driven design strategies and appropriate photo-biological metrics. Such an approach is unique to ZLI, but directly in accord with future sustainable best practices that recognize wildlife as a priority. Basing our work in the sciences, and insisting upon data-driven metrics in our design work, justifies the boldness of this statement. Light is fundamental to life, and an integral aspect of animal (including human) health and well-being.

Theatrical Exhibit Design

Aquarium, zoo and museum live and theatrical presentations provide a necessary service to the public, by creating, fostering and engendering emotional and intellectual connections with animals. Animal welfare in this context is a paramount concern, but so too is show impact. This means controlling the distribution and timing of light carefully, in accord with refined story-telling, rich narrative support and a willingness to understand animal photobiology and to act upon it. 

ZLI’s Theatrical Exhibit Design offers theming, scripting, lighting, set design and commissioning services.

Animal Health and Welfare Exhibit Design

All animals evolved within the regular cycles of natural light, whether within the depths of the ocean or on the peaks of the Himalayas. Biology and behavior are inextricably tied to environment, and although life displays a certain resilience, the maintenance of an environment as close to an indigenous one as possible is not only an obligation, but an opportunity to advance science and strengthen community by improving animal health and welfare. ZLI’s Animal Health and Welfare Exhibit Design underscores relationships of habitat to life, with the aim of improving animal welfare and of connecting the public to animals, on their own terms. ZLI’s Animal Health and Welfare Exhibit Design also addressed threats to wild animal populations, stressing integrated pest management, bird-friendly design and balanced provisioning.

Daylighting / Night Lighting Facility Design

Daylighting is a familiar architectural service, emphasizing the optimization of natural light within a building, to save energy, to improve performance and to encourage thoughtful and marketable creativity. It is an essential component of responsible and sustainable design. ZLI Daylighting / Night-lighting takes this basic service one step further, recognizing that natural light at night is also a vital component of healthy and productive environments. Just as poorly designed architecture mishandles natural sun and sky light, requiring added and deleterious artificial lighting, poorly and overly supplied artificial lighting restricts access to moon and starlight at night. Human health, animal health, ecological health and energy performance are each in turn harmed.  ZLI Day/Night Lighting Facility Design reinvents traditional best practices in architecture, to help aquariums, zoos and museums operate more efficiently and in accord with their missions.

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